What are the types of autoclaves?

2022-09-14 CHAMBER

What is an autoclave?

Autoclave sterilizer uses thermal energy from high-pressure saturated steam to denature DNA and destroy enzymes to kill microbes on the surfaces of devices.

Autoclave sterilization is a process used for medical devices, surgical instruments and other items that are used in healthcare settings.


Autoclaves are similar to pressure cookers but have a wider range of applications. They can be used for cleaning a wide variety of items including medical equipment, laboratory glassware, or even clothing and bedding.

There are two kinds of autoclaves: mechanical and electric. Mechanical autoclaves use steam pressure to heat up the air inside the autoclave chamber while electric autoclaves use electricity to heat up water inside the chamber.

Autoclave sterilizers are used to sterilize medical equipment and devices. These include surgical instruments, endoscopes, and other devices that are inserted into the body.

Autoclave sterilization kills microorganisms on the surfaces of these devices by denaturing their DNA and destroying their enzymes.

Autoclaves can be used for equipment that is not heat-sensitive, but they are particularly useful for heat-sensitive items like endoscopes and catheters.

Autoclaves also have the advantage of being able to reach higher temperatures than dry heat ovens or steam sterilizers.

vertical autoclave-1

How does the autoclave work?

The most common type of autoclave uses steam as the energy source for killing microbes on equipment surfaces within its chamber. Steam is generated at high temperatures by boiling water under pressure within the chamber.

This process is repeated several times, with steam being injected into the chamber until it reaches a predetermined temperature and pressure.

The cycle then begins again at a lower temperature and pressure, allowing for more effective sterilization.

Autoclaves are used in health care facilities to sterilize medical instruments, supplies and surgical equipment prior to use on patients.

They also have applications in food processing plants, laboratories and other industrial settings where sterility is required for safety or quality assurance purposes.

The process of sterilizing with steam can take anywhere from 10 minutes to over two hours depending on what you're trying to sterilize and how long you want it to remain sterile.

For example, if you're disinfecting medical instruments such as surgical tools, it will take longer than if you're disinfecting bandages or gloves because those items don't need as much time for their surfaces to dry out after being cleaned with an antiseptic solution before being placed in the autoclave.

vertical autoclave

What are the types of autoclaves?

Common laboratory steam sterilizers are divided into tabletop autoclaves, horizontal autoclaves, and vertical autoclaves.

A tabletop autoclave is a small device that sits on a tabletop or countertop. It has a front-loading door and can be used for sterilizing small items such as blood collection tubes.

A horizontal autoclave is typically a large rectangular-shaped chamber with an insulated outer shell and a door in the top of the chamber.

The chamber is filled with steam through a pipe connected to an external source of heat. The chamber is used to sterilize large items such as surgical instruments or medical supplies.

A vertical autoclave is similar to a horizontal autoclave but instead of having its door at the top it has its door on one end of the chamber.

Vertical autoclaves usually have their own internal source of heat or are connected to an external source by using pipes that run along the bottom of the chamber.

These types of autoclaves are often used in hospitals and other health care facilities where they are used for sterilizing equipment that can't be easily fit into other types of steam sterilizers like those used in laboratories."

Benchtop Autoclave

What are the characteristics of autoclaves made by NOKI?

he autoclave made by NOKI is a new generation of safety and reliable pressure vessels, which is a high-tech product made by Chinese people, with the world's advanced technology, according to the latest national standards and GB standards and international standards.

Autoclaves are widely used in many industries, such as pharmaceutical industry, chemical industry, food industry and medical industry etc.

It has many advantages such as small size and light weight, large processing capacity and energy saving etc.

The autoclave made by NOKI has some characteristics:

1.Disc type embedded gear + Electric lock door structure,safety and reliable

2.The door seal is pneumatic, single or double door(double door interlock)

3.Equipped with standard equipment verification interface


The Bottom Line

Autoclaves are used in many industries to sterilize a wide range of products. From medical and dental instruments to electronic equipment, autoclaves can be found in many settings.

If you're looking for an autoclave for your business or personal use, you may want to consider these factors first:

Size — The size of the chamber is important because it will determine how much product can be sterilized at once. Some autoclaves have chambers as small as 6 x 12 inches; others can hold up to 14 x 14 x 14 inches.

Materials — Autoclaves are made from different materials, including stainless steel, aluminum and plastic. Some are insulated while others are not. Insulated models require more energy to heat but keep the temperature more consistent during operation.

Temperature — Most autoclaves operate at 250°F (121°C) or higher, depending on what you plan on sterilizing with them. Some models have digital controls that allow you to set exact temperatures while others have knobs that only allow you to choose between preset temperatures (such as 121°C or 134°C).

Now that you've established the basics of autoclaving, it's time to start shopping for the right benchtop steam sterilizer for your project.

NOKI Autoclaves has extensive experience in the high voltage industry and is ready to help you with your test chamber needs. Visit our website today to get more information about our products and services

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